Simple profiles

A very interesting façade concept.
This facade brings together all those adjectives that architects use to describe those enclosures that are “trending”: integrated, active, flexible, and perfectible.

It is not possible to talk about facades without mentioning a very unique façade for the moment when it was built, and that even today continues being a reference.

The first point that draws our attention is the constructive system of own design, lightweight, based on a system of mullions (similar to a curtain wall). Despite the verticality imposed by the system, clearly visible from the outside elevation, the interior gives a fairly conventional image of blind parapet and horizontal windows. 

Not easy to classify such a singular façade. It is as well difficult to analyze it from those pragmatic parameter we normally use in this platform. The façade is the one of a Concert Hall, a piece of ice in Reykjavik sea side, and needs to be understood in this singular context and for that specific use.

We want to highlight the possibilities offered by some cladding panels. In these single-family houses in Palma, the panels used for the outer layer of a rain-screen facade are perforated in the terrace space defining an umbraculum. There is no change of material, the composition of prisms remains nearly unaltered, it is simply a matter of lattices.

Again, this Catalan studio proposes a clear and simple façade. The dry constructed façade is based on three layers: the main one resolving air and water tightness, an inner cladding and an outer one. It might be thought that the façade works properly just with the main sandwich layer (like the Courts extension in Zaragoza). However, both claddings are needed for improved behaviour.

This hotel in Barcelona illustrates the typological confusion of contemporary façade systems and justifies the need for a taxonomic tool such as the one organised by this platform.

The Forum Building façade has hardly been commented, maybe eclipsed at the time it was built by some other buildings in the area, and by some other aspects of the Forum Building itself. However, after fourteen years, this risky lightweight solution has completely succeed by being integrated in the town landscape. The original electric blue has slightly turn off at the same time that a salty dust patina has added enriching nuances.

The ventilated façade of the Institut Geològic de Catalunya -IGC- responds with the inner layer to the needs in terms of windows distribution that the use requires; and with the exterior, to formal aspects. The perforated corten sheet that clads the entire facade allows giving an abstract image, solving domesticity behind it. This perforated metal sheet, beyond showing a certain drawing, allows playing with transparencies, a rich composition resource possible in multilayer facades.

The world of the facade, in constant evolution, allows us to conceive today a "conventional" façade in terms of the layers order; not conventional according to the building construction techniques and materials.The main sheet is a discontinuous structure that allows to lodge the insulation in its thickness. The inside finishing is also resolved over a discontinuous structure. Only the rendering is still a rendering, although analyzing its composition and benefits we see that innovation has also reached him.

Years after the construction of the AC hotel in the Forum area, the one in Sants was built. The constructive solution adopted for the rain screen facade is practically the same in both cases. Again a lightweight enclosure when the use demands low thermal mass solutions.Again a reinforced frame supporting the window as the necessary structure to release an opening in this unidirectional facade structures. This frame, originally conceived to assume tolerances between the brick wall and the window, far from losing its sense gains new functions in that sort of facades.